The First Law Firm Licence Issued

The Ministry of Justice has issued the first of its kind law firm registration certificate on April 06/2022 to Habesha Legal Advocates Limited Partnership (LP) under Law Firm Registration No 001/2014. The law firm licence is required to be renewed annually. The licence has been issued based on the Federal Advocacy Service Licencing and Administration Proclamation No 1249/2021.

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Sate of Emergency Lifted

The House of Peoples Representative has lifted the state of emergency enacted under Proclamation 5/2021 as of November 2, 2021 for a six month period of time. It has been said that the treat the country has faced could be,now, averted by the normal law enforcement mechanism; thus making the lifting of the state of emergency necessary. The lifting of the state of emergency shall be effective as of February 15,2022.

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Ethiopian Pension Scheme

The House of Peoples Representative of FDRE has enacted as law two draft proclamations concerning government and private employees pension schemes on February 15,2022. The fund collected from pension could be invested in sectors that assure profit return. Similarly, for private employees pension age is fixed to be 60 years of age but with a possibility of renewal for five years twice till the age of 70.

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Ethiopian Federal Advocates Association: General Meeting

The Ethiopian Federal Advocates Association has been established by law under Federal Advocacy Service Licencing and Administration Proclamation No 1249/2021. The Association made its first General Meeting on 23 January 2022. The General Meeting has chosen its Executive Committee, President and Vice-President. The General Meeting followed the procedure enshrined under Directive 32/2022. The Directive is issued by Ministry of Justice. The Directive is issued for the objective of choosing the organs of the Ethiopian Federal Advocates Association. As a result the first elected Executive Committee members are Hirut Melese, Filipos Aynalem, Liku Worku, Yosef Aemiro, Hossana Negash, Tideneqialesh Tesfa and Solomon Emiru. W/ro Sinidu Alemu became The President of the Association and Ato Tewodros Getachew became the Vice-President. DMLO wishes for the members of the Executive Committee, the President and Vice President of the Association a prosperous, successful and fruitful working tenure.

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Ethiopian National Dialogue Commission

By Dagnachew Tesfaye, Partner DMLO
On December 29,2021, the FDRE House of People’s Representative has approved into legislation by a majority vote the establishment of National Dialogue Commission by Proclamation No.1265/2021. The Commission is tasked with implementing inclusive dialogue on national issues for the creation of national consensus and establishment of common grounds.

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Legal News on Covid-19

By Lydia Kedir –Legal Assistance – at Dagnachew and Mahlet Law Office
Address: Addis Ababa, Email

Ethiopian Public Health Institute announced a new revised Directive No 803/2021. The Directive aims to provide for the prevention and control of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Directive is effective from August 19 2021. In the Directive provisions on activities that are prohibited and duties imposed are listed in detail. For instance it is prohibited for any person to shake hands with another person in the form of greetings. Wearing a mask to get public and private service and a distance of two adult strides are emphasized. Face to face education for public or private educational institutions are restricted and should be conducted by adhering to the requirements of the Directive. Public and private organizations including construction projects have a duty to provide sanitary materials and employers should make sure their employees wear masks.

Any passengers known to be infected with corona-virus are prohibited from entering the country, mixing with the general public or meeting with people in any way that may spread the virus. As a result, any international traveler except transistors, above the age of 10, who are coming through international airports of the country shall bring a certificate of negative RT PCR test done up to 120 hours or five days before arriving in Ethiopia. Passengers may not isolate himself for seven days if he has a certificate for recovery from COVID 19 within 90 days or if he has completed the COVID 19 vaccine in full and provide evidence. Passenger who comes into the country to attend a conference for an emergency or tourist, or a diplomat shall not be required to isolate himself for seven days when he is tested for COVID 19 (PCR or Antigen-based RDT test) and when the result is negative. An International traveler arriving at Bole International Airport who shows any symptoms of Covid- 19, will be monitored in accordance with the protocol enacted by Ethiopian Public Health Institute.

The Directive repealed the previous Directive No 30/2020 and incorporated revised and amended duties and prohibitions for the prevention and control of the Covid 19 pandemic. For detailed reading click the link for the full text of the Directive.

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Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decision on Judicial Mortgage

The Federal Supreme Court Cassation Bench on Cassation File No 173079 on August 5, 2020 has entered a judgment. The Cassation Bench was composed of seven judges. The judgment rendered by the Cassation bench states that judicial mortgage (Article 3044 of the Civil Code) and priority right to any other creditor shall not be created by attachment of property (Article 151 of the Civil Procedure Code) or by temporary injunction order(Article 154 of the Civil Procedure Code) given at any stage of the suit before judgment. This interpretation by the Cassation Bench is a reversal of the previous Cassation Bench interpretation given on Cassation File No 97206 decided on August 4,2014 and Cassation Bench File No 29269 decided on 26 October 2007. The Cassation Bench judgment is a biding judgment on all levels of federal and regional courts.

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